Program of study

Health Services Research (HTA stream), Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto


Beate Sander, RN MBA MEcDev PhD

Education and Training

Stephen completed his undergraduate degree and Master of Biotechnology degree at the University of Toronto. In his Master’s training, he was involved in research examining the effect of biomarker use in oncology and clinical trial success rates. Prior to starting his doctoral studies, Stephen spent several years in the pharmaceutical industry in R&D operations, vaccine manufacturing operations, and business development. He has training in project management, biostatistics, economic evaluation methods, systematic reviews, decision analytic modeling, and health services research using administrative data.


Search for Stephen Mac's publications in Pubmed.

Research Interests and Expertise

Stephen’s research interests are focused on infectious diseases and health technology assessment methodologies (e.g. decision analytic modelling, evidence synthesis and healthcare costing using administrative data). For his thesis, Stephen is interested in exploring health-related quality of life associated with Lyme disease, economic burden using large administrative data sets and cost-effectiveness of various Lyme disease treatment and preventative strategies.


  • Systematic review of long-term sequelae and quality of life associated with Lyme disease
  • Economic burden of Lyme disease in Ontario, Canada
  • Cost-effectiveness analysis of treatment and preventative strategies for Lyme disease in Ontario, Canada

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